Come gather ’round people wherever you roam and admit that the waters round you have grown and accept it that soon you’ll be drenched to the bone. If your time to you is worth savin’, then you better start swimmin’ or you’ll sink like a stone. For the times they are a-changin’.
Come writers and critics who prophesize with your pen and keep your eyes wide the chance won’t come again and don’t speak too soon for the wheel’s still in spin and there’s no tellin’ who that it’s namin’. For the loser now will be later to win. For the times they are a-changin’.
Come senators, congressmen please heed the call. Don’t stand in the doorway. Don’t block up the hall. For he that gets hurt will be he who has stalled. There’s a battle outside and it is ragin’. It’ll soon shake your windows and rattle your walls. For the times they are a-changin’.
Come mothers and fathers throughout the land and don’t criticize what you can’t understand. Your sons and your daughters are beyond your command. Your old road is rapidly agin’. Please get out of the new one if you can’t lend your hand. For the times they are a-changin’.
The line it is drawn. The curse it is cast. The slow one now will later be fast. As the present now will later be past. The order is rapidly fadin’ and the first one now will later be last. For the times they are a-changin’.
Bob Dylan 1964
We baby-boomers LOVED this song. It was our declaration of independence. We are the children of the greatest generation. But in our youth, all we could see was the hypocrisy of discrimination and the stifling effects of social conformity. We celebrated individuality, freedom, and creativity.
Now we are the ones who are, at least in part, the rapidly fading order. Millennials finally outnumber us. We are also rapidly becoming a diverse racial country where whites are no longer the dominant race. For some, that is welcome. For others it is terrifying.
These tectonic demographic shifts drive our politics in ways that aren’t always obvious to those who feel the ground shifting underneath their feet. These shifts are, none the less, a reliable prediction of where politics are moving in the future.
In order to provide a sense of context, here is an historical example.
Republicans under Abraham Lincoln forced the south to bend to the will of the federal government and free the slaves. Whites in the south joined the Democratic Party and newly enfranchised blacks voted Republican. The resurgent Democratic Party forced the government to remove federal troops who had been enforcing southern reconstruction. This allowed the rise of Jim Crow laws and the end of black political power. Those white politics continued pretty much unchanged until the 60’s, Democrats supported civil rights legislation and again imposed a new order on the south. Blacks had been moving away from the Republican Party for decades because that party failed to support black interests (e.g. Teddy Roosevelt’s disbanding of a black army unit). Democrats earned black votes in response to Democratic support of civil rights legislation. Nixon’s southern strategy completed the transition of Dixiecrats to the Republican Party.
Let’s look at some of the other important growing demographic segments to see which parties they are aligned with and why.
Hispanics, Asians, and African Americans
All of these demographics are SIGNIFICANTLY younger than the white population. The implications are obvious. As the white population ages, the these groups will gain more political power.
It should also be obvious to even the casual observer that all of these groups have good reasons to affiliate with the Democratic Party. Republicans have chosen to be the party of white people. That choice was not lost on these groups. Both Trump and Cruz promise to deport 12M undocumented workers. Those opposed to that are going to vote Democratic. The Republican Party largely blames the poor in this country for their condition. Those who oppose that view are also going to vote for Democrats.
The Cook Political Report’s David Wasserman accurately described the Republican problem.
In 1980, Ronald Reagan won 56 percent of all white voters and won election in a 44-state landslide. In 2012, GOP nominee Mitt Romney carried 59 percent of all white voters yet lost decisively. What happened? African Americans, Latinos, Asians and other non-whites — all overwhelmingly Democratic-leaning groups — rose from 12 percent of voters in 1980 to 28 percent in 2012.
Regardless of how you feel about abortion, from a political perspective 54% of women are pro-choice. Republicans are aggressively pro-life. According to Gallup, 70% of women have an unfavorable view of Trump. Even with Clinton’s negatives among women at 50%, she has a 20 point advantage. If Trump continues to attack her in the run up to the presidency in the same ways that he attacked women during the primaries, it is likely that his negatives will go up and hers down.
Highly Educated Professionals
These people are naturally liberal because they value science. Republican positions on climate change only exacerbate this Democratic advantage.
Young people are very supportive of LGBT rights and many carry massive college debt. Republicans oppose LGBT rights and oppose any efforts to reform higher education financing.
Carter woke up evangelicals. Reagan and Schafly converted them to Republicanism. Lately, however, evangelical leaders have moved away from the narrow social issues and embraced a larger set of concerns about helping the poor. They remain an area of support for Republicans, but the religious zealotry of right wing conservatism has taken over from the pulpit-lead politics of previous decades.
Working Class Whites
Republicans have an advantage with low information white voters. Trump has mobilized them because they have felt that their previous Republican votes did not deliver the change that was promised. They are looking for someone to materially change their current tenuous condition. Their wages have stagnated. Their job prospects are grim. What investments they had have not recovered from the 2008 financial collapse. They have determined that the game is rigged against them and they want someone to blame. This all fits well with the Republican emotional approach to politics. The problem is that this group, while passionate, is a declining demographic and in 2016 may represent 10% of the voting population.
The next election will be a contentious one. Assuming that there are no bombshells between now and November, Clinton should win with relative ease regardless of who Republicans run. That is going to be incomprehensible for Republicans because Clinton IS in many ways the devil of their religion. It was just as incomprehensible for them that a white country elected a black man twice, but they blamed that on Romney and McCain not being conservative enough and the government bribing 47% of the population.
The facts tell a different story. Too many of the growing demographic groups currently have natural affiliations with Democratic policy positions for any Republican to win. The real question is what choice the Republican faithful, in the face of yet another national failure, will make – start swimmin’ or sink like a stone.