Pickerel Weed

We have a small pond in need of some help. Since it is a man made pond, no natural pond vegetation is anywhere close by. I decided this year to try to correct that problem.

Earlier on, about a month ago, I ordered twenty-five Pickerel Weed (Pontederia cordata) cuttings from Van Bourgandien Nursery.

When they arrived, they were small pieces of roots about 1-1/2 inches long and the thickness of your thumb…they didn’t look very impressive. Since it was pretty cold outside, I put them into a bucket with 6″ of potting soil and added water until it was saturated. I was trying to imitate the natural growing conditions of the Pickerel Weed.

Here is a photo I took yesterday of those cuttings:

Bucket of Pickerel Weed

They have made good growth and look like real plants now:

Pickerel Weed

To plant them, I just dug away some mud along the shore and stuck them in:

Planting into mud

This summer I hope to see a wonderful display of blue flowers from this shoreline plant:

Pickerel weed
(image from the University Of Kentucky)

It’s still early enough to order cuttings for use in your wetland area. Plus, this plant is a native to our area and you won’t be introducing any noxious weeds into our local environment.


Grapes and More Grapes

Before I hauled the grape prunings away yesterday…

Load of grape prunings

I decided to save a few for a special project. It was not for making wreaths, but for propagating more grapes.

Growing new grape vines from cuttings is easy and fun. This is the low-tech way I do it.

First, pick out some likely prunings from your pile:

Pile of prunings

They should be about the diameter of a pencil and have 3 or 4 bud nodes. In the photo below, I show a nice collection of cuttings. See the one at the top? It has 4 nodes and is about 10″ long or so. The cutting in the middle has 4 nodes also but they are so far apart that you can only see two of the nodes and it is over 20″ long…no good.

Grape cuttings

Then just stick them into a pot of moist potting mix so that two of the bottom nodes are covered with soil. Keep them misted or put them into a clear plastic bag to keep up the humidity. Make sure they are out of direct sunlight until after they have formed leaves. Then take off the bag.
Potted cuttings

Now, here in this photo below, is a grape vine that slipped off of the arbor last season and rooted itself at three nodes. I just cut it off and stuck it into a pot…instant grape vine!

Naturally rooted

I even found a cane that I cut off last year and didn’t pick up…it rooted itself right there where it landed!

A couple of other things to keep in mind: take your cutting from the middle of the grape cane, not the tip or base (tips and bases don’t root as well), and make some kind of mark so that you know which end of the cutting is “up”, that is, closest to the tip and make sure that end stays above the soil.

That’s all there is to it. You don’t even need rooting powder, as a matter of fact, some grape growers feel that rooting powder can inhibit rooting in grapes.

Potted grape vines make great gifts for your gardening friends.


Seedling time

Yesterday I was transplanting little seedlings. Actually, at one point I had ten people helping me transplant. We finished twelve flats of seedlings. Some of those flats had seventy-two seedlings in them. So you can say we had it down pat.

I planted those seeds two or three weeks ago, depending on what they were and how fast they germinated. They were sown in a 4″ square pot. I pay special attention to whether the seeds need to be covered with soil or planted on the surface. The seed pack will tell you. Then I put them on a heated bench in the greenhouse, which is ideal for them. At home you could use a heating mat or put them on a warm surface. For germinating seeds, a cold window sill is not the best place. But after they germinate, then they need sunlight.

When they’ve developed at least one true set of leaves (which are not the first leaves you see, those are the cotyledons), you can transplant them. But they are pretty small and hard to handle at that stage for most peoples. So, you can wait a little while untill they are bigger. Don’t wait too long, the smaller, the better for moving them. I like to carefully rest my fingertips on the soil surface and turn the whole thing up side down so it will slide right out. I then break up the soil in half, then quarters. By then the soil starts to crumble and I can pull the seedlings gently apart.

Separating Seedlings

My golden rule, which my volunteers will tell you I enforce is, hold the seedling by a leaf, never the stem or growing tip. If a leaf breaks the plant can still grow, but if you crush the stem or the tip then that’s the end of it.

I use a plastic tray filled with seventy-two plastic cell packs in it. You can use yogurt containers or any other small containers to grow your seedlings in. Use a pencil or spoon to make a hole in the soil that is bigger than the roots of the seedling. Then while holding it by a leaf (remember!) pull the soil back around it gently just untill the seedling can stand upright on its own. You do not have to firm the soil alot. I ususally have to stop my new volunteers from trying to pack the soil down around them. The roots need loose soil to grow in.

Transplanting Seedlings

Then when you have the whole container filled with seedlings, water well. Put in a warm, shady place the first day, so they can recuperate. After that the seedlings need as much sunlight as you can give them in a house.

I actually use a soilless mix to start and grow my seedlings, but I will tell you about that another time.

Tell me in the comment section, what kind of recycled containers you use at home. Also where you have found warm spots in your house for germinating seeds.

Bye for now, Judy

Grapes are Pruned!

Boy. am I tired!!

I pruned all the grapes…it took all day. Notice that these are on a decorative arbor, not a standard arbor. The arbor is about 8 feet high and 99% of the vines are growing on top. So I have to climb on top of the arbor and stand on those 2 by’s, then bend down and prune.

I’m not complaining, mine you, I enjoy pruning grapes. I just wanted to give you feel for a day in the life of a gardener.

You saw the “before photo” a couple of posts ago. Here it is in progress:

Pruning grapes, in progress

Here it is at the end of the day today:

Done pruning grapes

This arbor is about 100 feet long.

You can’t see it in this photo, but I left the lower vines on the main trunk this year because I want to encourage them to grow like a conventional two wire system below. These are very vigorous Concord grapes and should be able to cover the entire arbor. I had this set up until two years ago, when I removed the lower wires thinking it would look more “artistic”. I like it better the original way with the wires.

Tomorrow I will be back in the greenhouse to transplant seedlings if it is rainy. Otherwise, I’m outside cleaning up the vegetable beds.

Speaking of beds, I think I’m going to bed early tonight.


Felco Pruner

I got a good start on those grape vines this afternoon and hope to spend most of the day tomorrow ( Tuesday) working on them.

My tool of choice for this job (and other pruning work) is the Felco#2:

Felco Pruner

I use the Felco on grapes because of the range of diameter of the vines that need to be cut. They typically range from pencil thickness to the diameter of your thumb (or even someone else’s thumb). It would be over-kill to use them on light pruning such as cutting perennials or flower stems.

This is an exceptional pruner made to very high standards. They are a bit pricey compared to the Chinese knock offs that are out there but are well worth the money. This tool should last you a lifetime. It even comes with a special wrench allowing you to replace the cutting blade if need be.

This model, the #2, is designed for people with medium to large hands. Felco makes models suited to folks with smaller hands as well.

The only problem I have with this tool is that it has a tendency to disappear. People like to “borrow” it without telling me, then never return it! One time I even had someone “swap” his old, abused Felco #2 (I think he liked to use it to cut fence wire) with mine, thinking I would never notice! Scheesh…

I used a Corona pruner for many years (and stiil have it). The Corona is a fine tool as well.


Artifical Sunlight

Those grow lights I wrote about in an earlier blog are used in our greenhouse mostly during the winter months to supplement natural sunlight. As the days grow longer we use them only to “brighten up” a dreary day this time of year.

HID Grow light
These lights are of the High Intensity Discharge type and produce very intensive light. The model we use is a two bulb system. One bulb (Metal Halide) creates the blue spectrum of light and the other (High Pressure Sodium)the orange spectrum. Together, these bulbs come pretty close to mimicking the spectrum of natural sulight, which means good growing conditions for your plants…even those that require high-light conditions.

HID Growlight

This type of fixture cannot be plugged directly into a wall outlet. It needs a Ballast to regulate the voltage for the lamp. It gets a little complicated from here how a Ballast works, with its transformer, capacitor and ignitor. Anyhow, the Ballast itself is then plugged directly into the household outlet.

Growlight Ballast

The light these lamps provide is so bright that we can hang them 3-1/2′ to 4′ above our growing plants and still provide all the light they need.

Our fixtures came from Charlie’s Greenhouse Supply. Purchasing these are not for the faint of heart… cost of the dual fixture $619.00, the ballast…$495.00, the sunlight they provide..priceless.

Other types of growlights are available, cool temperature florescent fixtures can be used for starting and growing seedlings. This type has to be place just a few inches above the growing plants to provide enough light. The advantage is their cost…maybe 1/10th the price of our HID lights.

We will discuss this subject in more detail later, perhaps in the fall as our outdoor season ends and we move back inside. In the mean time let’s enjoy the spring.


Figs in the South of Italy…or Michigan?

All of the snow we’ve been having has chased us indoors. That’s OK though, our indoors is a greenhouse.

It was so dark and dreary today that I turned on the high intensity grow lights during the middle of the morning and kept them on all day. The light really helps to improve one’s general mood.

I found something in the south end of the greenhouse that you may “get a kick” out of…figs!

These are Kadota figs from Stark Brothers Nursery:

Fig tree

The fig trees were delivered last spring as small seedlings but grew very fast and produced fruit by the end of the summer. That first flush of fruit fell off and we didn’t get to pick any figs.

We let the trees get frosted in the fall then brought them in before the weather really got cold. They dropped their leaves, so I stopped watering for a while to let them go dormant. I started watering them again in early December, if I remember correctly.

Now that spring has arrived, they have begun setting fruit again. The fruit is already larger than it was last summer.

Figs in April

So between the grow lights and the figs, I can imagine I’m in the south of Italy while I’m working!


Prune Your Grapes…Now!

The cold weather has been a mixed blessing. By now I would have had our grapes pruned. The cool temperatures have slowed down their development enough for me to catch my breath and get caught up a little bit.

Usually, in April, the grapes would be budded out, making pruning a hazardous prospect for the vine. You see, if grapes buds start to swell, they become soft and fragile. Many of the buds that you would like to keep can be broken off during the pruning process. As you well know, grapes become a tangled mess when growing and when pruning you have to tug and pull on the vines to get them out of your arbor.

Pruning before bud swell eliminates all of this damage.

As you can see, I have a lot of pruning to do. This photo was taken from above the grape arbor, looking down. It is about 75′-80′ long and 10′-12′ wide.

Looking down on Grape Arbor

Describing the whole process of grape pruning is a discussion that is too long to cover in a blog post. I will tell you a couple of things though. You cannot over-prune established grape vines. They are very vigorous growers.

If you have a traditional two wire system holding the grape vines, prune back everything except 8 or 10 buds on each branch coming off of the main trunk. A two wire system gives you 4 branches; one to the left, and one to the right of the trunk on the top wire; and one to the left and one to the right on the bottom wire. This is the most common method of training grapes.

So, 90 to 95% of the vines have to be cut off each year! This is a whole lot more than if you were pruning a fruit tree or shrub.

That’s all I have time for now, if I get a chance I’ll post an “after” picture of the grape arbor. Meanwhile, take advantage of this lucky turn in the weather and prune those grapes before it warms up!


Good Friday Potatoes

An old farmer’s tradtion says you plant your potatoes on Good Friday. We were all set to do just that. This record breaking cold weather put a schreeching-halt to our well laid plans.

In addition to the regular potato varieties we grow, ( Russet, Irish Cobbler, Pontiac, Yukon Gold) we are planting German Butterball this year.

The desciption in the Seed Savers Exchange catalog reads:

First place winner in Rodale’s Organic Gardening “Taste Off”. A good choice for roasting, frying and especially for mashed potatoes. Russeted skin and buttery yellow flesh. One of our favorite all-purpose potatoes. Excellent for long-term storage. Very good yields. 100-120 days

Here’s the five pound bag of seed potatoes we received from SSE:

Bag 'o taters...German Butterball

I know you can’t judge a book by its cover but, they look just like any other ‘tater to me!


Easter Lilies 2007…Final Chapter

I believe I mentioned something about growing Easter Lilies way back in my first post last December. This week marks the end of our annual Easter Lily growing project. So I thought it only fitting to “bid them adieu” in this post.Easter Lily

Lilly delivery began on Monday and ended today, Holy Thursday.

In the following photo taken on Monday, you can see how excited the Lilies were about Easter…they could hardly restrain themselves from opening. Some actually did open.

Lilies in the greenhouse

Some got dressed up for the trip:

Lilies with wrapping

Here they are, all set for the ride to their new homes:

Lilies in van

We always like to pass along some simple suggestions for Easter Lily care to the new owners:

1) The Lilies prefer a brightly lit yet cool area of the house, if that is possible

2) Don’t over water them nor let water sit in the foil wrapper…let them dry out a bit before watering

3) Remove the yellow anthers to keep the pollen from staining the flower petals and your clothing:

Easter Lily anthers

4) Plant them outside after the weather warms up to enjoy them again next summer (2008)

In a way, I kinda hate to see them go… but we need the room!! The best part of the whole project is seeing the pleasure folks get when they receive them. 🙂